ODBC- Open Database Connectivity
A specification for a database API. This API is independent of any one DBMS or operating system; the ODBC API is language-independent. The ODBC API is based on the CLI specifications from Open Group and ISO/IEC. ODBC 3.x fully implements both of these specifications — earlier versions of ODBC were based on preliminary versions of these specifications but did not fully implement them — and adds features commonly needed by developers of screen-based database applications, such as scrollable cursors.